Designer Art Jewelry

 

Modern, Traditional, Contemporary Birthstones

 

There are many variations of birth stone lists and much duplication and overlap between them.  Some scholars attribute the origin of the tradition of birthstones to the Breastplate of Aaron (the brother of Moses), a religious caftan arranged with twelve gemstones that represented the twelve tribes of Israel.

 

There are three different birthstone tables on this page:

Table I

Modern, Traditional, Mystical, Ayurvedic and Zodiac birth stones.

Table II

Sun/Star stones, Planetary stones and Talismanic stones.

Table III

Ancient Arabic, Hebrew, Hindu and Roman birthstones.

Click on any underlined link to see picture and a description of that birthstone.

Table I

Month

Modern

Traditional

Mystical

Ayurvedic

 

Stones of the Zodiac

January Garnet Garnet Emerald Garnet   Capricorn Ruby
February Amethyst Amethyst Bloodstone Amethyst Aquarius Garnet
March Aquamarine Bloodstone Jade Bloodstone Pisces Amethyst
April Diamond Diamond Opal Diamond Aries Bloodstone
May Emerald Emerald Sapphire Agate Taurus Sapphire
June Pearl, Moonstone Alexandrite Moonstone Pearl Gemini Agate
July Ruby Ruby Ruby Ruby Cancer Emerald
August Peridot Sardonyx Diamond Sapphire Leo Onyx
September Sapphire Sapphire Agate Moonstone Virgo Carnelian
October Opal, Tourmaline Tourmaline Jasper Opal Libra Peridot
November Yellow Topaz, Citrine Citrine Pearl Topaz Scorpio Beryl
December Turquoise, Blue Topaz Zircon, Lapis Onyx Ruby Sagittarius Topaz

 

The Modern Birthstone list is the official birthstone list from the American National Association of Jewelers, Jewelers of America. These gemstones were officially adopted in 1912. In the US, this is the accepted list.

The Traditional Birthstone list contains older birthstones and is sometimes combined with the modern birthstone list. These stones reflect various societal traditions heralding back to the 15th century.

Mystical Birthstones are of Tibetan origin from over a thousand years ago.

The Ayurvedic birthstone list is from Ayurvedic Indian medicine - a type of medicine used for over a thousand years.

Colored gemstones evolved as talismans and amulets. They were thought to offer predictions for the future, to aid healing and they became important components in many religious practices worldwide. It is also believed that planets influence the stones and that the stones transmit powers given by the corresponding planets.

Star Signs - Table II

 

Sun Sign

Birthstone

Planetary Stone

Talismanic Stones

Capricorn
(Dec. 22-Jan. 19)
Agate, Garnet,
Ruby
Lapis Lazuli Onyx
Aquarius
(Jan. 20-Feb. 18)
Amethyst, Garnet,
Moss Agate, Opal,
Turquoise Jasper
Pisces
(Feb. 19-Mar. 20)
Amethyst, Bloodstone,
Rock Crystal, Sapphire,
Aquamarine Ruby
Aries
(Mar. 21-Apr. 19)
Bloodstone, Diamond Jasper Topaz
Taurus
(Apr. 20-May 20)
Amber, Coral, Emerald,
Sapphire
, Turquoise,
Aventurine, Emerald Garnet
Gemini
(May 21-Jun. 20)
Agate, Chrysoprase,
Pearl
Tiger Eye Emerald
Cancer
(Jun. 21-Jul. 22)
Emerald, Moonstone,
Pearl, Ruby
Moonstone Sapphire
Leo
(Jul. 23-Aug. 22)
Onyx,Sardonyx,
Tourmaline
Rock Crystal Diamond
Virgo
(Aug. 23-Sep. 22)
Carnelian, Jade,
Jasper, Sapphire
Citrine Zircon
Libra
(Sep. 23-Oct. 22)
Lapis Lazuli, Opal,
Peridot
Sapphire Agate
Scorpio
(Oct. 23-Nov. 21)
Aquamarine, Topaz Garnet, Ruby Amethyst
Sagittarius
(Nov. 22-Dec. 21)
Amethyst, Sapphire,
Topaz, Turquoise
Topaz Beryl

Ancient Birthstones - Table III

Month  

Arabic

Hebrew

Hindu

Roman

January Garnet Garnet Ruby Garnet
February Amethyst Amethyst Topaz Amethyst
March Bloodstone Bloodstone Opal Bloodstone
April Sapphire Sapphire Diamond Sapphire
May Emerald Agate Emerald Agate
June Agate Emerald Pearl Emerald
July Carnelian Onyx Sapphire Onyx
August Sardonyx Carnelian Ruby Carnelian
September Peridot Peridot Zircon Peridot
October Aquamarine Aquamarine Coral Aquamarine
November Yellow Topaz Yellow Topaz Cats-eye Yellow Topaz
December Ruby Ruby Topaz Ruby

 

Gemstones Facts & Descriptions

Pictures of gemstones in rough and finished form.

 

Jewelry by Type:

Jewelry made with a particular stone: by color or by gem stone.

 

Handcrafted designer art jewelry catalog

Cabochons and rough
available for custom jewelry design.

 

 

 

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October 14, 2002 0:45