Designer Art Jewelry


Modern, Traditional, Contemporary Birthstones


There are many variations of birth stone lists and much duplication and overlap between them.  Some scholars attribute the origin of the tradition of birthstones to the Breastplate of Aaron (the brother of Moses), a religious caftan arranged with twelve gemstones that represented the twelve tribes of Israel.


There are three different birthstone tables on this page:

Table I

Modern, Traditional, Mystical, Ayurvedic and Zodiac birth stones.

Table II

Sun/Star stones, Planetary stones and Talismanic stones.

Table III

Ancient Arabic, Hebrew, Hindu and Roman birthstones.

Click on any underlined link to see picture and a description of that birthstone.

Table I







Stones of the Zodiac

January Garnet Garnet Emerald Garnet   Capricorn Ruby
February Amethyst Amethyst Bloodstone Amethyst Aquarius Garnet
March Aquamarine Bloodstone Jade Bloodstone Pisces Amethyst
April Diamond Diamond Opal Diamond Aries Bloodstone
May Emerald Emerald Sapphire Agate Taurus Sapphire
June Pearl, Moonstone Alexandrite Moonstone Pearl Gemini Agate
July Ruby Ruby Ruby Ruby Cancer Emerald
August Peridot Sardonyx Diamond Sapphire Leo Onyx
September Sapphire Sapphire Agate Moonstone Virgo Carnelian
October Opal, Tourmaline Tourmaline Jasper Opal Libra Peridot
November Yellow Topaz, Citrine Citrine Pearl Topaz Scorpio Beryl
December Turquoise, Blue Topaz Zircon, Lapis Onyx Ruby Sagittarius Topaz


The Modern Birthstone list is the official birthstone list from the American National Association of Jewelers, Jewelers of America. These gemstones were officially adopted in 1912. In the US, this is the accepted list.

The Traditional Birthstone list contains older birthstones and is sometimes combined with the modern birthstone list. These stones reflect various societal traditions heralding back to the 15th century.

Mystical Birthstones are of Tibetan origin from over a thousand years ago.

The Ayurvedic birthstone list is from Ayurvedic Indian medicine - a type of medicine used for over a thousand years.

Colored gemstones evolved as talismans and amulets. They were thought to offer predictions for the future, to aid healing and they became important components in many religious practices worldwide. It is also believed that planets influence the stones and that the stones transmit powers given by the corresponding planets.

Star Signs - Table II


Sun Sign


Planetary Stone

Talismanic Stones

(Dec. 22-Jan. 19)
Agate, Garnet,
Lapis Lazuli Onyx
(Jan. 20-Feb. 18)
Amethyst, Garnet,
Moss Agate, Opal,
Turquoise Jasper
(Feb. 19-Mar. 20)
Amethyst, Bloodstone,
Rock Crystal, Sapphire,
Aquamarine Ruby
(Mar. 21-Apr. 19)
Bloodstone, Diamond Jasper Topaz
(Apr. 20-May 20)
Amber, Coral, Emerald,
, Turquoise,
Aventurine, Emerald Garnet
(May 21-Jun. 20)
Agate, Chrysoprase,
Tiger Eye Emerald
(Jun. 21-Jul. 22)
Emerald, Moonstone,
Pearl, Ruby
Moonstone Sapphire
(Jul. 23-Aug. 22)
Rock Crystal Diamond
(Aug. 23-Sep. 22)
Carnelian, Jade,
Jasper, Sapphire
Citrine Zircon
(Sep. 23-Oct. 22)
Lapis Lazuli, Opal,
Sapphire Agate
(Oct. 23-Nov. 21)
Aquamarine, Topaz Garnet, Ruby Amethyst
(Nov. 22-Dec. 21)
Amethyst, Sapphire,
Topaz, Turquoise
Topaz Beryl

Ancient Birthstones - Table III






January Garnet Garnet Ruby Garnet
February Amethyst Amethyst Topaz Amethyst
March Bloodstone Bloodstone Opal Bloodstone
April Sapphire Sapphire Diamond Sapphire
May Emerald Agate Emerald Agate
June Agate Emerald Pearl Emerald
July Carnelian Onyx Sapphire Onyx
August Sardonyx Carnelian Ruby Carnelian
September Peridot Peridot Zircon Peridot
October Aquamarine Aquamarine Coral Aquamarine
November Yellow Topaz Yellow Topaz Cats-eye Yellow Topaz
December Ruby Ruby Topaz Ruby


Gemstones Facts & Descriptions

Pictures of gemstones in rough and finished form.


Jewelry by Type:

Jewelry made with a particular stone: by color or by gem stone.


Handcrafted designer art jewelry catalog

Cabochons and rough
available for custom jewelry design.





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October 14, 2002 0:45