Hematite is a very common mineral consisting
of iron oxide. Its color ranges from steel gray to almost
black (specular hematite), brown to reddish brown, or red.
The variety known as rainbow hematite exhibits colors similar
to oil patches on water. The drusy
form of rainbow hematite is quite fragile and is usually backed
with a quartz material to increase the stone's durability.
While the forms vary, they all have a rust-red
streak. Hematite is harder than pure iron, but it is much
The name hematite is derived from the Greek
word haimatites for blood.
It is mined in Australia, Brazil (rainbow variety),
England, Mexico, the United States and Canada. It is the state
mineral of Alabama, USA where approximately 375 million tons
were mined between l840 and 1975.
Hematite (iron ore) is a very common mineral on Earth and
it also occurs everywhere on the planet Mars where it is responsible
for the planet's distinctive red color. It was first identified
on Mars by the Thermal Emission Spectrometer (TES), aboard
Mars Global Surveyor.
Rainbow hematite is the trade name given foliated specular
hematite which comes from a mine near Belo Horizonte, Minas
An important pigment known as "red ochre" it was
used in cave paintings and paint pigment.
||Drusy Rainbow Hematite
Hematite Folklore, Legend and Healing Properties:
In ancient times it was believed that large
deposits of hematite formed on battlegrounds where soldiers
were injured and lost blood from their battles.
The ancient Egyptians placed hematite objects
inside their tombs.
Hematite is believed to be a healing and grounding
stone, strengthening the body and lessening life's stresses.
It is thought to reduce stress and enhance one's
personal magnetism. It is also thought to increase optimism
and courage and helpful in transforming negativity.