The gemstone Aquamarine is the modern March
birthstone as adopted by the American National Association
of Jewelers in 1912. It is also the birth stone for the Zodiac
sign of Scorpio. See the birthstone
table for additional references to this stone. Aquamarine
is suggested as a gem to give on the 16th and 19th wedding
Aquamarine is a member of the beryl
family and ranges in color from an almost colorless pale blue
to blue-green or teal. The most prized color is a deep-blue
aqua color. It is 7.5-8 on the Mohs
scale of hardness and gets its name from Latin words meaning
water and sea.
The most valuable aquamarines come from Brazil,
but it is also mined in Kenya and Nigeria, Madagascar, Zambia,
Tanzania, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Russia. . Aquamarines
on the market today are usually faceted, but when cut as a
cabochon, they may display a cat's eye effect known as asterism.
Some gemstones are heated to high temperatures
to enhance the color and/or clarity of a stone. Aquamarines
are often heat treated to change a blue-green or teal colored
stone to a pure blue. This results in a permanent color change.
Crystal system: hexagonal
Folklore, Legend, and Healing Properties:
Since early times, aquamarine has been believed to endow
the wearer with foresight, courage, and happiness. It is said
to increase intelligence and make one youthful. As a healing
stone, it is said to be effective as a treatment for anxiety
and in the Middle Ages it was thought that aquamarine would
reduce the effect of poisons.
A legend says that sailors wore aquamarine
gemstones to keep them safe and prevent seasickness.
Aquamarine Gemstone Jewelry
Aquamarine bracelet and aquamarine